Archives du mot-clé immigration

Visual Documents To Illustrate The Topic of Immigration

statue-of-liberty

From 1892 to 1954, over twelve million immigrants entered the United States and Lady Liberty would welcome these immigrants traveling to the US for the first time. The Statue of Liberty is more than a monument.It is a symbol of freedom for those who were leaving their homeland in search of a new life.

melting-pot

The United States is often referred to as a melting pot of people from a wide variety of backgrounds. It is an assimilation of cultures, ethnic origins, religions, ideas and traditions. This concept relies on the idea that everyone who lives in the United States becomes a part of a larger culture that is uniquely American.

 

Ce diaporama nécessite JavaScript.

Publicités

IMMIGRATION

Leaving one´s country: Running away, going into exile, travelling, discovering, studying, working….?

Key Questions (problématique)

  • Why do people migrate?
  • What are the impacts of emigration on the host country?(multicultural Britain/Melting pot in the USA/Spanglish in the USA/global cities and multiculturalism)
  • What are the impacts of emigration on the country of origin ? (brain drain migration/desertification of rural areas)
  • Emigration vs Immigration : impacts on host country and home country
  • Choose to migrate or forced to migrate – Why do people leave their home county?
  • How can a country benefit from immigration?

WHAT IS MIGRATION ?

Migration is the movement of people from one place to another. The reasons for migration can be economic, social, political or environmental. There are usually push factors and pull factors at work.

Migration impacts on both the place left behind, and on the place where migrants settle.

Migration is the movement of people from one place to another.

  • Internal migration is when people migrate within the same country or region – for example, moving from London to Plymouth.
  • International migration is when people migrate from one country to another – for example, moving from Mexico to the USA.

 Two key migration terms

  • Emigration – when someone leaves a country.
  • Immigration – when someone enters a country.

Why do people migrate?

People migrate for many different reasons. These reasons can be classified as economic, social, political or environmental:

  • economic migration – moving to find work or follow a particular career path
  • social migration – moving somewhere for a better quality of life or to be closer to family or friends
  • political migration – moving to escape political persecution or war
  • environmental causes of migration include natural disasters such as flooding

Some people choose to migrate, eg someone who moves to another country to enhance their career opportunities. Some people are forced to migrate, eg someone who moves due to war or famine.

A refugee is someone who has left their home and does not have a new home to go to. Often refugees do not carry many possessions with them and do not have a clear idea of where they may finally settle.

Push and pull factors

Push factors are the reasons why people leave an area. They include:

  • lack of services
  • lack of safety
  • high crime
  • crop failure
  • drought
  • flooding
  • poverty
  • war

Pull factors are the reasons why people move to a particular area. They include:

  • higher employment
  • more wealth
  • better services
  • good climate
  • safer, less crime
  • political stability
  • more fertile land
  • lower risk from natural hazards

Migration usually happens as a result of a combination of these push and pull factors.

Spaces and Exchanges – Topic: Immigration to the US

Why is immigration to the USA relevant regarding the topic of spaces and exchanges?

Across the centuries, immigrants from all over the world came to the United States, seeking a better life, and each one of them bringing their own contribution to what defines the USA today. In addition, the idea of melting pot originated in the USA as a metaphor to describe the assimilation of immigrants to the United States So, both spaces and exchanges are deeply involved in the constitution of the country as we know it today.

DOCUMENTS TO ILLUSTRATE THE TOPIC OF IMMIGRATION TO THE USA

immigrating_to_america_timeline – document on US immigration timeline (Pilgrim Fathers, slaves, Europeans, West Indies and Asia, Latin American countries)

A Virtual Voyage to Ellis Island

Mexican Police Find 500 Hiding During Immigration Bust

Irish immigration

KEY QUESTIONS

  • What drives people to live their country?
  • Is the US dream still alive? (also can apply for Myths and Heroes – US dream as a myth)
  • What attracts immigrants to live in the USA?
  • How has immigration shaped US society?

 

 

CANADA

canada governement

Topic 1 – Identity and languages.

Canadian Citizenship, Cultural Diversity and Multiculturalism

The Challenge of Diversity – Canada

Canadian Multiculturalism

3 documents to better understand the context of multiculturalism in Canada.(and the picture)

FACTS ABOUT CANADA

  • Canada is the second largest country in the world,. Canada´s national motoo ¨from sea to sea¨derives from its geographical position, from the Atlantic Ocean to the pacific Ocean.
  • Most people live along the southern border in cities like Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver and Ottawa.
  • English is the most spoken language, by nearly 60% of the population, then the French, spoken by some 20%, and the remaining 20% speak aboriginal languages
  • A bilingual country: The presence of two languages in Canada is explained by the history of colonization. The French were the first to colonize the area around Quebec, while the british settled in the northern and western regions. The Federal governement made French an official language of Canada along with English as a way to fight against separatist ideas in the second part of the 20th century.

The Bitter Legacy of Canada’s Forced-Assimilation Boarding Schools

English and French vs native languages: The Canadian government wanted the Aboriginal children to become English-speakers, but also to convert them into christianity. This is an example of a policy of ¨forced assimilation¨. The children were forced to leave their families for many years and were forbidden to speak their native language.  These documents raise several issues and cover several notions:

Seats and forms of power/Spaces and Exchanges: English and French versus native languages:

  • To what extend is a language a form of control ?
  • Can identity exist without a language?
  • Should a dying language be protected?
  • To what extend can Canada be considered a multicultural country?

Topic 2 – Borders – Open Spaces/new spaces

Borders delimit nations, but who decides on them? the question of the ownership of land is a complex issue. Does the land belong to anyone? If so, who does the land belong to? And by which right? These are the questions that Canadians are faced with.

Indigenous warn: COP 21 green schemes could be crimes against humanitybe

canada cop21.png

When it comes to land and land rights, the Inuits have a different point of view from other nations. For them, there is no such thing as borders. Land is not something that belongs to an individual, land but must be shared, protected and unspoiled and their way of life preserved. They want the right to profit from the Artic´s ressources but the superpowers do not share the same views…

Stop stealing our land, Inuits say, as Arctic resources race heats up

Global warming has opened up the Northwest Passage in the Artic Sea.This passage did not use to be navigable in winter but because of global warming and the melting of polar ice, it could soon be navigable all year long, which would make the Artic region easily accessible for the exploitation of its natural ressources. All five bordering nations (Canada, Danemark, Norway, Russia, the USA) have had plans to explore the region for years (rich in gas and oil ressources). But the land belong to the Inuits. This race for the exploration of the Artic´s natural ressources would be desastrous for the Inuits, but also for wildlife

Responsible Artic eco tourism Polar tourism was slow to start, but is now a popular and rapidly-growing industry that is expanding in terms of tourists, tour operators, diverse recreational pursuits, geographic scope, and seasons of use.  Arctic economies have seen it evolve from an incidental activity to a vital sector upon which they increasingly rely. This has been particularly true for newly enfranchised indigenous people of the Arctic seeking self-sufficiency, and for gateway cities in the southern hemisphere eager to realize the economic benefits of Antarctic tourism.

Seats and forms of power/ Spaces and Exchanges : Land and borders:

  • To what extent are the 5 power nations entitled to  the ressources of the Artic Circle?
  • How has the land shaped its people?
  • .Are borders a good thing?
  • Is a border a final frontier?

THE MOVIES ABOUT IMMIGRATION AND IMMIGRANTS

CC_The_Immigrant_1917

Movies are  great ressources : They can be used as relevant documents to illustrate your topic … and they are so entertaining as well as inspiring. Here´s my list ….. These movies all deal with the topic of immigration to the US.

The Immigrant (1917 Short Film) Director: Charlie Chaplin – Charlie is an immigrant who endures a challenging voyage and gets into trouble as soon as he arrives in America.

America America (1963) Director: Elia Kazan – A young Anatolian Greek, entrusted with his family’s fortune, loses it en route to Istanbul and dreams of going to the United States. (174 mins.)

An American Rhapsody (2001) -Director: Éva Gardos A young Hungarian girl struggles to find her place in the world when she’s reunited with her parents in the USA years after she was left behind during their flight from the communist country in the 1950s. (106 mins.)

A Better Life (2011) Director: Chris WeitzA gardener in East L.A. struggles to keep his son away from gangs and immigration agents while trying to give his son the opportunities he never had. (98 mins.)

Dancer in the Dark (2000) Director: Lars Von Trier – An east European girl goes to America with her young son, expecting it to be like a Hollywood film. (140 mins.)

Gangs of New York (2002)Director: Martin Scorsese –  In 1863, Amsterdam Vallon returns to the Five Points area of New York City seeking revenge against Bill the Butcher, his father’s killer. (167 mins.)

Green Card (1990) Director: Peter Weir – A man wanting to stay in the US enters into a marriage of convenience, but it turns into more than that. (103 mins.)

La misma luna (2007)Director: Patricia Riggen –  A young Mexican boy travels to the U.S. to find his mother after his grandmother passes away. (106 mins.)

Moscow on the Hudson (1984)Director: Paul Mazursky –  When a Russian musician defects in Bloomingdale’s department store in New York, he finds adjusting to American life more difficult than he imagined. (115 mins.)

The Namesake (2006) Director: Mira Nair – American-born Gogol, the son of Indian immigrants, wants to fit in among his fellow New Yorkers, despite his family’s unwillingness to let go of their traditional ways. (122 mins.)

El Norte (1983)Director: Gregory Nava –  Peasants escaping mindless labor and a murderous Guatemalan government head to America in hopes for something better.(141 mins.)

Titanic (1997 Director: James Cameron – A seventeen-year-old aristocrat falls in love with a kind, but poor artist aboard the luxurious, ill-fated R.M.S. Titanic. (194 mins.)

West Side Story (1961)Director: Jerome Robbins, Robert Wise –  Two youngsters from rival New York City gangs fall in love, but tensions between their respective friends build toward tragedy.(152 mins.)

Nybyggarna (1972) Director: Jan Troell – The life of an immigrant family from Sweden in the Minnesota’s forests, during mid 19th century (204 mins.)

Spanglish (2004) Director: James L. Brooks – A woman and her daughter emigrate from Mexico for a better life in America, where they start working for a family where the patriarch is a newly celebrated chef with an insecure wife.(131 mins.)

Scarface (1983) Director: Brian De Palma – In 1980 Miami, a determined Cuban immigrant takes over a drug cartel while succumbing to greed. (170 mins.)

Avalon (1990)Director: Barry Levinson –  A Polish-Jewish family comes to the USA at the beginning of the Twentieth Century. There, the family and their children try to make themselves a better future in the so-called promised land. (128 mins.)

The Immigrant (2013) Director: James Gray – An innocent immigrant woman is tricked into a life of burlesque and vaudeville until a dazzling magician tries to save her and reunite her with her sister who is being held in the confines of Ellis Island. (120 mins.)

Entre nos (2009)Director: Gloria La Morte, Paola Mendoza –  A story based on facts which offers a fresh take on the issue of new immigrants in the United States… (80 mins.)

Lost Boys of Sudan (2003 Documentary) – Director: Megan Mylan, Jon Shenk Lost Boys of Sudan is a feature-length documentary that follows two Sudanese refugees on an extraordinary journey from Africa to America… (87 mins.)

La terminal (2004) Director: Steven Spielberg – An eastern immigrant finds himself stranded in JFK airport, and must take up temporary residence there. (128 mins.)

Amistad (1997) Director: Steven Spielberg About a 1839 mutiny aboard a slave ship that is traveling towards the northeastern coast of America. Much of the story involves a court– room drama about the free man who led the revolt.

 

 

 

 

 

THE MIGRANT CRISIS IN CALAIS

A current topic is the migrant crisis in Calais. Thousands of migrants are fleeing their country in the hope of reaching the UK. An interesting topic to illustrate the notion of spaces and exchanges. The following documents (a press article from the Guardian, a video from Vice news, and a Banksy´s  artwork) will illustrate the topic of immigration. Here are a few questions you might want to discuss-

Who is going where? why?how? (podcastenglish level 3 audio and worksheet on the refugees crisis)

Why do most migrants want to go to the UK?

Most migrants consider  Britain as a land of opportunities. Is this belief a myth or reality? (could be mentionned in your conclusion as a reference to another notion)

Banksy´s artwork depicting the child from the musical ¨les Miserables¨ surrounded by tear gas wants to draw our attention on the harsh living conditions of migrant children in Calais. 150 years after Victor Hugo´s Les Miserables, children are still being persecuted. (you might want to question the idea of progress or the myth of a better life in western countries.)

Banksy and the migrant crisis

Commuters in London took pictures of a new piece of art by Banksy opposite the French embassy on Monday. The work is critical of the use of tear gas in the refugee camp in Calais.

http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2015/dec/11/banksy-uses-steve-jobs-artwork-to-highlight-refugee-crisis

The horror of the Calais refugee camp

Migrant Crisis in Calais: Britain’s Border War

 

 

 

A press article and a video to illustrate the notion of Spaces and Exchanges

  1. Black Britons

2.  Multicultural Britain

Notion: Spaces and exchanges

Theme : Human exchanges

Key concept: Immigration to the UK – Multicultural Britain – Britishness

Questions :

What effect has immigration had on UK´s society?

How strong is the link that keeps the British together?

To what extent can Britain be considered as a multicultural country?

After having introduced the notion and the question you want to deal with, you need to present the documents that will illustrate your point.

If you choose to raise the question of Britain as a multicultural country, you should define multiculturalism first. (the preservation of different cultures or cultural identities within unified society, as a state or nation).

Both documents help us understand how Britain has evolved towards a multicultural society since the post-war years. Doc 1 deals with the different  waves of Caribbean migrants to Britain while doc 2 focuses on 2 generations, father and son from Kenya.

If the first generation of migrants felt more black than British, it is clearly explained that there is no contradiction for the younger generation (born in the 70´s) between ethnicity and identity as can be seen in the title ¨black Britons¨.

As for doc 2, to the question ¨what’s the best thing about living here, Sunny?¨, the young man answers : ¨The food, the different cultures that come in and bring their spices, their experiences and even their rituals, so you get a taste of the world within this small community¨. 

After presenting the documents, make a personal conclusion by giving your opinion on the documents and if you can by opening up onto another notion or future prospects.

These two documents could also be linked to the idea of progress because the younger generation of black Britons live a better life than their fathers. They feel part of a community, they feel proud to be British but also proud of their origins and this can indeed be considered as great progress for society.

A third document to add to your presentation …….

5b56b398043e67273034e83d93184ff2

 And two other quotes 

Tony Blair (UK Prime Minister 1997 – 2007- Labour Party)

¨A simple way to take measure of a country is to look at how many want in, and how many want out¨.

JFK : ¨Everywhere immigrants have enriched and strengthened the fabric of US life¨.